Building Resilience: Expanding the Concept of Sustainability

Can traditional and new wood building systems meet evolving design objectives?
 
Sponsored by Think Wood
1 AIA LU/HSW; 1 GBCI CE Hour; 0.1 IACET CEU*; 1 PDH*

Learning Objectives:

  1. Discuss why the concept of resilience can be viewed as another step in the evolution of sustainable building design.
  2. Identify the strengths of traditional wood framing and mass timber systems in the context of building resilience, including performance during and after earthquakes, hurricanes, and other disasters, as well as the relevance of carbon footprint and embodied energy.
  3. Explain how the International Building Code (IBC) and referenced standards such as the National Design Specification® (NDS®) for Wood Construction support building resilience.
  4. Describe examples of research related to the development of new building materials and systems that could help communities meet more stringent resilience criteria.

This course is part of the Wood Structures Academy

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Conclusion

As resilience becomes a more entrenched objective for structures and communities, it is useful to consider the advantages of building materials and systems. As this course illustrates, traditional wood framing, mass timber, and other wood systems have many strengths that make them worthy of consideration from a resilience perspective.

End Notes

12015 National Design Specification (NDS) for Wood Construction, American Wood Council, www.awc.org

2National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council

3Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7-10), American Society of Civil Engineers/ Structural Engineering Institute

4The January 17, 1994 Northridge, CA Earthquake An EQE Summary Report, March 1994, www.lafire.com/famous_fires/1994-0117_NorthridgeEarthquake/quake/00_EQE_contents.htm

5Construction and Experimental Seismic Performance of a Full-Scale Six-story Light-frame Wood Building, J.W. Van de Lindt, Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, University of Alabama, S. Pei, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, South Dakota State University, S.E. Pryor, Simpson Strong-Tie, 2011

6U.S. CLT Handbook, FPInnovations, 2013; co-published by the USDA Forest Service and Binational Softwood Lumber Council

7Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) CLT Planning Project

82015 NDS, Section 2.3.2.1

9Summary Report of Building Performance, 2004 Hurricane Season, FEMA 490, 2005, www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1445-20490-5343/fema490.pdf

10Mitigation Assessment Team Report – Spring 2011 Tornadoes: April 25-28 and May 22 (2012), FEMA P-908, www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/25810?id=5633

11www.resilientcity.org, an open, not-for-profit network of urban planners, architects, designers, engineers and landscape architects (no longer updated)

121Survey on Actual Service Lives for North American Buildings, FPInnovations, Proceedings, 10th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, 2005

13Resilient by Design, Erik Kneer, SE, LEED AP BD+C, Greenbuild, October 24, 2014

14Life Cycle Environmental Performance of Renewable Building Materials in the Context of Residential Construction, Phase 1 (2005) and Phase II (2010), Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials; Wooden building products in comparative LCA: A literature review, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, F. Werner, K. Richter, 2007

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Think Wood is a leading education provider on the advantages of using softwood lumber in commercial, community and multifamily building applications. We introduce innovators in the field to our community of architects, engineers, designers and developers. For support or resources, contact us at info@ThinkWood.com.

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Originally published in Architectural Record


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