Understanding the Basics of Glaze, Formulation, and Application of Tile

Selecting the best tile based on specifications, aesthetics, and affordability
Sponsored by Vitromex USA

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the differences between porcelain and ceramic tiles and determine which is best for a given application.
  2. Explain the process of single-firing and double-firing tiles.
  3. Describe how ceramic tiles can promote the health, safety, and welfare of occupants in interior spaces.
  4. Discuss industry standards and certifications that pertain to tile and how those standards ensure quality products.
  5. Understand installation best practices to ensure a long product life and safety for occupants


1 AIA LU/Elective
1 GBCI CE Hour
AAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
AANB 1 Hour of Core Learning
AAPEI 1 Structured Learning Hour
MAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
NLAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
NSAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
NWTAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
OAA 1 Learning Hour
SAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
This course can be self-reported to the AIBC, as per their CE Guidelines.
This course is approved as a Structured Course
Approved for structured learning
Approved for Core Learning
This course is approved as a Core Course
Course may qualify for Learning Hours with NWTAA
Course eligible for OAA Learning Hours
This course is approved as a core course
This course can be self-reported for Learning Units to the Architectural Institute of British Columbia
This test is no longer available for credit

Ceramic tiles provide a solution for interior design that is not only cost effective, but also promotes the health, safety, and welfare of occupants. Thanks to their water-resistant properties, ceramic tiles are not only durable, but are low maintenance in bathrooms, kitchens, and interior living spaces. This course will provide an introduction to tile. First, we’ll discuss the differences between porcelain and ceramic. Then, we’ll introduce cottoforte, a material that is typical of Mexico and can be glazed with a non-transparent glaze and is mainly used for indoor applications. Ceramic tiles can be single-fired or double-fired depending on the application, and they are available in a variety of colors.

With so many brands on the market, contractors and architects are inundated with options at varying price points. This course will discuss industry standards that can be used to gather information about tile specifications and how to review specifications against price points to ensure clients receive the right product at the best price.

Basics Tile


Vitromex USA Founded in 1967, Vitromex boasts 5 manufacturing plants and a presence in over 6 countries throughout the world. During the course of our 5-decade business history, we have forged a position as one of Mexico’s top-ranking tile manufacturers and one of the top 10 tile manufacturers globally. Our current investment in new technologies and new manufacturing processes have Vitromex positioned to continue growing in the National and International ceramic sector. Linking tradition with innovation is something that inspires us every day to continue improving and to continue building Vitromex as a global brand.


Originally published in June 2019