Wind Load Innovations

Performance-based wind designs for tall structures
Sponsored by Construction Specialties

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe the historic obstacles for designing buildings for wind resiliency.
  2. List design features that lead to better performance-based wind designs.
  3. Discuss new prestandards that address wind loads.
  4. Explain how performance-based resiliency leads to safety and well-being for occupants.


1 AIA LU/Elective
AAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
This course can be self-reported to the AANB, as per their CE Guidelines
AAPEI 1 Structured Learning Hour
MAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
This course can be self-reported to the NLAA.
This course can be self-reported to the NSAA
NWTAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
OAA 1 Learning Hour
SAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
This course can be self-reported to the AIBC, as per their CE Guidelines.
This course is approved as a Structured Course
This course can be self-reported to the AANB, as per their CE Guidelines
Approved for structured learning
Approved for Core Learning
This course can be self-reported to the NLAA
Course may qualify for Learning Hours with NWTAA
Course eligible for OAA Learning Hours
This course is approved as a core course
This course can be self-reported for Learning Units to the Architectural Institute of British Columbia

This course is part of the The Mastering Movement Academy

Below are a set of links to building type studies from Architectural Record, which are in-depth analyses of particular kinds of buildings, with photos, drawings, specifications, detailed descriptions, and design solutions. Click on each link below, read the article then complete the quiz to earn your credit and certificate of completion.

Performance-based wind design for tall structures has developed slowly due to several issues including duration and directionality of wind loading, element fatigue, computational methods and other dynamic responses. This course looks at the latest innovations in PBWD and how these new designs are being implemented in the context of new building techniques.

How Famous Building Around the World Consider Wind Loads
One of the most important forces that civil engineers, architects and urban planners need to take into account in the building design process is wind. For high-rise buildings, the risk of being affected by the wind is particularly critical. This article focuses on wind loads and how professionals working in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry can benefit from simulation to analyze the loads and safety of the built structures.
Ali Arafat

Performance-based wind design: The New Frontier
With the release of the ASCE/SEI Prestandard for Performance-Based Wind Design (PBWD) in August 2019, the industry has taken an initial step toward implementing a structural engineering technique similar to well-established Performance-Based Seismic Design (PBSD) for the other most common building environmental hazard, wind. The Prestandard outlines an alternative and comprehensive approach to building design for wind loading, which explicitly evaluates occupant comfort, building drift, and extreme wind event behavior.
Sean Clifton, P.E., S.E, Russell Larsen, P.E., S.E. and Kevin Aswegan, P.E.

Performance-based wind design: What is it and how is it implemented?
The recent publication of the ASCE/SEI Prestandard for Performance-Based Wind Design (Prestandard), and the Manual of Practice on Design and Performance of Tall Buildings for Wind prepared by an ASCE/SEI Task Committee, make this an apt time to provide an overview of the intent of these documents, the present state-of-the-art in Performance-Based Wind Design (PBWD), and current efforts to update knowledge.
Roy Denoon B.Eng., M.E.(Res), Ph.D., M.A.S.C.E., Donald R. Scott, P.E., S.E., F.SEI, F.ASCE and Kilpatrick, Ph.D., P.Eng, C.Eng, F.ICE., M.ASCE I

Why Tall Buildings Need Wind Load Analysis
The challenges associated with the effects of wind on a structure are complex, and if not correctly assessed and considered, they can contribute to the instability of buildings. For tall buildings, average wind speed increases with height, and the gustiness, or different combinations of eddies (circular movement of wind), decreases with height. This article discusses why computational fluid dynamics simulations and calculations, in the wider context of MEP engineering design, are vital to determine the stability and safety of tall buildings.
Kuldeep Bwail

Wind Loads


Construction Specialties Founded in 1948, Construction Specialties (CS) is a specialty building products manufacturer. CS provides solutions to complex challenges architects, designers, building owners, facility managers, and contractors face every day. Since inventing the first extruded louver, CS has become a global leader in interior wall protection, impact-resistant doors, entrance mats & grids, expansion joint covers, architectural louvers & grilles, sun controls, explosion & pressure relief vents, cubicle curtains & tracks and stairs, awnings & balconies. CS draws upon extensive expertise to design high-quality products—many of which are Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program. For more information please visit:


Originally published in November 2021