On the Flip Side

A thin profile of shingled cladding juxtaposes with brick in a hybrid residence-hall structure.
Architectural Record
By Josephine Minutillo

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe several design solutions used to improve occupant acoustic well-being.
  2. List two ways the project team sought to limit the environmental impact of its construction and reduce energy consumption once occupied.
  3. Discuss how the exterior cladding is both appealing and used to enhance building insulation and occupant comfort.
  4. Outline three solutions used to ensure the project uses approximately 27 percent less energy than a typical code compliant building.

Credits:

HSW
1 AIA LU/HSW
AIBD
1 AIBD P-CE
IACET
0.1 IACET CEU*
AAA
AAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
AANB
AANB 1 Hour of Core Learning
AAPEI
AAPEI 1 Structured Learning Hour
MAA
MAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
NLAA
NLAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
NSAA
NSAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
NWTAA
NWTAA 1 Structured Learning Hour
OAA
OAA 1 Learning Hour
SAA
SAA 1 Hour of Core Learning
 
This course can be self-reported to the AIBC, as per their CE Guidelines.
This course is approved as a Structured Course
Approved for structured learning
Approved for Core Learning
This course is approved as a Core Course
Course may qualify for Learning Hours with NWTAA
Course eligible for OAA Learning Hours
This course is approved as a core course
This course can be self-reported for Learning Units to the Architectural Institute of British Columbia

NORTH HALL, the new dormitory at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), looks like nothing else at the art college’s rolling urban campus, or at its close Ivy League neighbor in Providence, Brown University. Tall and dark, with bladelike edges, the rectangular building, by Boston-based architect NADAAA, has a distinctive presence, covered in a zigzagging array of shingled fiber-cement panels over its long east and west facades, and in blocks of differently patterned brick crowned by anodized aluminum fins on the short north and south ends.

PHOTOGRAPHY BY JOHN HORNER

ABOUT FACE The new residence hall uses a mix of materials in its cladding to relate to the various contextual elements nearby, and is topped by nearly 9-foot-high parapets at its uppermost level, to shield mechanicals (left, right).

A wide range of historic and contemporary architecture mingles along the steep streets that are home to these two prestigious institutions. A Venetian Renaissance–style structure at the base of a hill leads to a concrete behemoth by Philip Johnson (1971) at the top; a glass and brick confection by Rafael Moneo (2008) stands beside a pediment-topped neoclassical facade. Then there are the countless towers and steeples. Over the years, Victorian houses have been shuttled around to make room for green spaces and new buildings, which most recently include a creative-arts center by Diller Scofidio + Renfro (2011), an engineering-research center by KieranTimberlake (RECORD, November 2018), and a performing-arts complex by REX currently under construction, all at Brown.

Major building projects are less frequent at RISD; North Hall is the first newly constructed dormitory here in 34 years. But it’s not the first project NADAAA principal and RISD alumnus Nader Tehrani has worked on for the school—an adaptively reused bank building just across the Providence River includes the Fleet Library (2006) within its first two stories, designed by Tehrani’s then firm Office dA. (Its upper levels were renovated as student housing.)

For North Hall, RISD followed Brown’s lead by employing Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), a collaborative approach to design and construction that includes the client, architect, contractor, engineers, and consultants in weekly meetings from the outset. “This is the first time we’ve had a project with a big enough budget to make IPD feasible,” says Annie Newman, RISD’s director of planning, design, and construction. “There are a lot of up-front costs.”

The phased project includes the renovation of other dorms built on the slope, including the adjacent Nickerson Hall (currently under way) and the creation of a new green between it and North Hall. Those two buildings are connected by a canopy supported by hefty, staggered brick piers in the shapes of the letters R, I, S, and D. “The canopy is a gate to a new urban promenade,” says Tehrani, whose firm was awarded the project following a 2014 master plan RFP that included two other Boston-based studios—Machado Silvetti and Kennedy & Violich Architecture—and Los Angeles–based Michael Maltzan Architecture.

Though RISD has no sustainability guidelines in place for new buildings, the hope with North Hall was to limit the environmental impact of its construction and reduce energy consumption once occupied. In early IPD strategy sessions, NADAAA proposed the use of cross-laminated timber (see sidebar, page 86). In addition to being a low-carbon approach, it dramatically reduced construction time for this fast-track project, which broke ground in June 2018 and opened for the Fall 2019 semester, just 14 months later.

The 40,800-square-foot residence hall was designed from the outside in to use approximately 27 percent less energy than a typical code-compliant building. Those unusual exterior walls—inspired on the one hand by the shingled roofs of nearby houses and the perforated brick of Pietro Belluschi’s 1950s dormitory down the hill—have enhanced insulation, with a lower-than-average U-factor. Inside, everything from lighting occupancy sensors and low-flow showers, faucets, and toilets aid in the cause.

The no-frills interiors feature exposed ductwork in common areas and exposed timber ceilings in the bedrooms and fifth-floor lounge. Walls are painted a deep purple on the ground floor and lighten as you ascend the building to medium blues and an almost-white gray at the uppermost level.

The need to accommodate 148 beds resulted in a building that was much larger than some of its immediate neighbors, but almost diminutive compared to Philip Johnson’s sawtooth-roofed tower (Brown’s List building) across the street. A structure that is at once overscaled and slight—its laminar sides and sharp edges accentuating thinness—NADAAA did a commendable job carving out of its massing as much volume as possible, with cornice lines, terraces, and material shifts that relate to the surrounding context. From some perspectives it is king of the hill, from others just part of the eclectic mix.

SOCIAL SPACES Much of the ground floor serves as a daylight-filled art studio (top, left). A lounge on the fifth floor, its CLT ceiling slab exposed as in the individual rooms, features a kitchen, dining and seating areas, and a terrace (top, right). Select wood accent pieces, including a bench-cum-screen at the entrance (bottom), were made by NADAAA’s in-house fabrication studio, Nadlab.

The architects at NADAAA are no strangers to academic buildings, having designed several dynamic teaching facilities from Atlanta to Australia. Most recently, the Daniels Building at the University of Toronto (RECORD, November 2018) is an exciting clash of neo-Gothic grandeur and contemporary spatial and structural bravura—so otherworldly in fact, that an episode of the futuristic web TV series Star Trek: Short Treks was filmed there. As housing, North Hall is, alas, more subdued, reminiscent instead of an earlier Office dA apartment complex, South Boston’s groundbreaking—formally and in terms of sustainability—Macallen Building (2007). Like Macallen, North Hall’s diversity of materials and textures and brooding form may seem an odd insertion into any neighborhood, whether a transitional industrial site in South Boston or an idyllic college campus, yet somehow it works. At RISD, appropriately enough, the building is as much an art project as an architectural one, the college itself providing to one former student the palette to create something that stands out, but also fits right in.

CREDITS

ARCHITECT: NADAAA — Nader Tehrani, Katherine Faulkner, Arthur Chang, principals; Matthew Waxman, Gretchen Neeley, Nathan Vice, Richard Lee, Aaron Weller, Lisa LaCharité, Ronnie Kataki, design team

ENGINEERS: Odeh Engineers (structural); Vanasse Hangen Brustlin (civil); Jensen Hughes (code); Environmental Systems (mechanical); Arden Engineering Constructors (plumbing)

CONSULTANTS: Landworks Studio (landscape); Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates (building envelope); Andelman and Lelek Engineering (energy modeling)

GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Shawmut Design and Construction

CLIENT: Rhode Island School of Design

SIZE: 40,800 square feet

COST: $25 million (North Hall)

COMPLETION DATE: August 2019

SOURCES

SHINGLE PANELS: Cembrit

ACCENT BRICKS: Endicott Clay Products, Spaulding Brick

CURTAINWALL: Kawneer

 

ARCHITECTURAL RECORD Architectural Record is the #1 source for design news, architect continuing education, and info on sustainability, houses, projects, and architectural products.

 

Originally published in Architectural Record

Notice

Academies